The northern lights, or the Aurora Borealis is created by the interaction of the solar wind, a stream of charged particles break out of the Sun, and our planet’s magnetic field and atmosphere. As the solar wind approaches and twists into the Earth’s magnetic field it lets some charged particles from the Sun to enter the Earth’s atmosphere. As the charged particles come they glow.The solar wind can cause the Earth’s magnetic field lines to detach from the planet. When these field lines pushback into there position; the charged particles from the solar wind are pushed into the Earth’s atmosphere causing the aurora or northern lights. The more magnetic field lines that detach and push back; the further south the Northern Lights can be seen.
Yesterday at nightfall the northern lights were actually visible in several parts of the UK, including the north east of England.